Telugu script evolved from the Brahmic family of scripts , during ancient period of South Asia. During this period alphabets was used for both Telugu and Kannada language. However, between 1100 CE and 1400 CE, Kannada-Telugu alphabet split into two separate alphabets.

At present, Telugu is the official language of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Besides, it is also spoken in Odisha, Karnataka, Tamil nadu, Kerala, Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, and Andaman and Nicobar Island.

Telugu Vowel Letters

Vowels in Telugu are also called అచ్చులు (Atchulu). It can either be pronounced on its own or can be combined with consonants to make a final sound.

Telugu Vowels can further be classified into independent and dependent vowels. Independent vowels are placed before consonants. Dependent vowels, on the other hand, can be placed either after, on top, or below a consonant.

Independent Vowels:

[a]
[aa]
[i]
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[l]
[e]
[ee]
[ai]
[o]
[oo]
[au]

Dependent Vowels:

◌ా
[aa]
◌ి
[i]
◌ీ
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[rr]
◌ె
[e]
◌ే
[ee]
◌ై
[ai]
◌ొ
[o]
◌ో
[oo]
◌ౌ
[au]
◌ౢ
[l]
◌ౣ
[ll]

Telugu Consonant Letters

Consonant in Telugu are also called `హల్లులు (Hallulu)`.There are 36 pure consonants letters in Telugu script and it have to be combined with a vowels to determine the final sound.

[ka]
[kha]
[ga]
[gha]
[nga]
[ca]
[cha]
[ja]
[jha]
[nya]
[tta]
[ttha]
[dda]
[ddha]
[nna]
[ta]
[tha]
[da]
[dha]
[na]
[pa]
[pha]
[ba]
[bha]
[ma]
[ya]
[ra]
[rra]
[la]
[lla]
[llla]
[va]
[sha]
[ssa]
[sa]
[ha]

Telugu Digits

Like most of the Devanagari and Dravidian Scripts, Telugu has its own symbols to denote number and digits instead of the latin number. However, at present, either the Arabic or Latin numerals have replaced them.

[zero]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
.

Telugu Fractions And Weights

౿

Additional Vowels for Sanskrit

[rr]
[ll]

Additional Tamil Character use in Sanskrit


Historic Tamil Phonetic Variants

[tsa]
[dza]
[rrra]

Telugu Special Character Letters

.
◌్
◌ౕ
◌ౖ
◌ఀ

Frequently Asked Questions

How many letters are in Telugu?

There are 52 letters in Telugu script. Out of them, 16 letters are vowels, 36 are consonant letters.

Besides, Telugu script has its own symbol to denote numbers, and many other special characters.

How many vowel and consonant letters are there in Telugu Varnamala?

In Telugu, there are 16 pure vowel and 36 pure consonant letters.

The consonant letter are often combined with vowel letter to make a final sound. So there are additional 576 letters that could be made by combining consonant and vowel letters.

Where is Telugu spoken?

Telugu is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, Odisha, Karnataka, Tamil nadu, Kerala, Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, and Andaman and Nicobar Island.

How many people speak Telugu?

Telugu is spoken by over 94 million people around the world. In the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, it is spoken by more than 81 million native speakers as a first language and another 13 million use it as a second language.


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